Learn How to Play Chess in 10 Minutes

Hi everyone this is Jerry from the ChessNetwork.
I’m a National Master in chess from the state of Pennsylvania and this is a video on how
to play chess. This is the initial setup whenever you’re ready to go ahead and play a game of
chess. What we have on the bottom of the board are the letters A through H and along the
left side of the board we have the numbers 1 through 8. Now the first piece I’d like
to go over is the rook. The rook I have placed on the square e5 and from e5 it can move to
any of the following squares that these blue lines touch. The rook moves in a plus direction
or up-down left-right direction. The rook is said to be worth 5 points. Next we have
the bishop, and the bishop I’ve just placed on the square d4 from d4 it can move to any
of the following squares that these blue lines touch. The bishop moves in an X direction
or diagonally. The bishop is worth 3 points. Next we have the queen and the queen I have
just placed on the square c5. And from c5 she can move just like the rook in a plus
direction or up-down left-right direction. Or just like the bishop in an X direction
or diagonally. So she has many different options and because of this the queen holds a value
of 9 points. Next we have the knight the knight is on the square e4 from e4 it has the following
options it can move to any of these squares I have highlighted in red. The knight is the
only piece that could jump over other pieces meaning that if there were any pieces here
where I have outlined in blue, right next to the knight, it is not bothered because
it simply jumps over those pieces to arrive on these squares I have highlighted in red.
Now how exactly does the knight arrive on these red squares? What is the pattern it
takes? Well if you take a look, it’s two squares and then a square like this, or an L shape.
And if we flip that L one way or another we have the knight arriving on that square this
square like that. So the knight moves in an L shape and it’s the only piece that can jump
over other pieces. The knight from this position has 8 different choices and the knight is
worth 3 points. The next piece I’d like to discuss is the
king. Now the king I’ve placed on the square d4. The objective of chess it to checkmate
our opponents’ king. Now by checkmate I’m referring to attacking our opponents’ king
and having there be no escape. Now by escape I’m referring to the black king not being
able to somehow or another either himself or his other pieces capture the checking piece.
Or block the checking piece, and by block I mean place a piece in between the king and
the checking piece on one of those squares, or simply move out of the way to a square
that is safe. Okay, if the king cannot do any 3 of those mentioned statements then the
position is considered checkmate. The actual capturing of the king does not occur. Checkmate
is when the king is in check and there is no successful way of getting that king to
a safe square. The king is similar to the queen in that it moves in an up-down left-right
direction just like the rook or just like the bishop diagonally or in an X direction.
The only difference really is that he can only move one step at a time one square at
a time. The king does not have a particular value it is said to be priceless because if
you lose the king you simply lose the game. Now we have a special move in chess and that
special move is called castling. Castling involves both the king and the rook. Now in
order for castling to take place there are many rules that must be followed one of which
is that the king nor the corresponding rook can have moved at all. That’s one thing. Another
thing is that the squares that the king travels on must not be guarded by the enemy pieces.
Also the king must not be in check. You cannot castle out of check. By check I mean the king
cannot be threatened by the enemy piece and move out of check. So this is how the actual
castling would look. The king moves two squares and the rook is going to come on other side
of the king right next to the king just like that. That would be considered king side castling.
And we’ll castle queen side with black. It’s black’s move now so one..two squares and the
rook is going to come on the other side of the king. Now the only piece that we have
yet to discuss here it is the pawn and the pawn is maybe one of the more difficult pieces
to explain. The pawns are worth 1 point. The pawns are unique in that they move in one
direction however they capture in a completely different direction. So take for example this
setup here where it’s just the pawns and the pawns are all on their original squares. It’s
whites move in this position and white with the pawn on e2 here can move either one or
two squares forward. Because it is his very first move from square e2. Now from that point
on okay let’s say black makes a pawn move. From this point on this pawn here since it
had already moved it can only move one square at a time from now on. One square forward.
Now it’s blacks move, black can go here. And we’ll make a white move here. And now it’s
blacks move. And in this position you might think that the black on e7 can capture the
pawn but it cannot because pawns move forward but they capture one space diagonally. Pawns
only move forward they can ever move backwards. And since it’s blacks move in this position,
with the last move being pawn to e6, black actually can go ahead and capture the pawn
like this with the f7 pawn, or like this with the d7 pawn. They capture one square diagonally.
One neat thing about the pawns are that once they arrive on their final rank and by final
rank I’m referring to any of the white pawns getting to this last rank. And any of the
black pawns getting to their last rank what happens is what’s called pawn promotion. And
what pawn promotion means is that once upon arrives on that last rank
it can turn into a queen, knight bishop, or rook. Now the very last thing to discuss is
what’s called en passant and en passant involves the pawns and the pawns alone. Okay in this
position let’s say that white chooses to move 2 squares with his pawn like this. Black can
actually capture that pawn as if it were on the square f3. Now why is this possible? Well
it’s just an additional rule that we have for the pawns. It’s called en passant and
the two requirements that must be met are the person or the player moving his pawn from
its original square two squares and have them being side by side. Both requirements must
be met in order for this en passant move to occur. It is not enough for example if white
moves here black moves here and now it’s whites move and white were to go here having only
moved one square the black pawn cannot capture this pawn. Again, both requirements must be
met the pawn having moved 2 squares them being side by side on an adjacent file and then
you can actually go ahead and capture. You only have one opportunity so if white moves
his pawns 2 squares like this black has the option right now or never to go ahead and
capture this pawn here. That concludes this video on how to play chess. If you have any
questions, comments or suggestions feel free to contact me at youtube.com/ChessNetwork
and if you have a Facebook account, connect at www.facebook.com/ChessNetwork That’s all
for now, thanks! 🙂


  1. Thank you for such a wonderful helpful lesson! My husband and i would like a new hobby to have together, and we've always wanted to learn how to play chess…so here we are! 😁

  2. Oddly enough thinking of the knight moving more as a 🍀 helps me more than thinking it's an L. So two spaces forward because I'm "climbing up the leaf" and then turn once to the tip of the leaf. 😛 I know Im weird. 😲

  3. @4:45 and after I'm so confused. You move the king and rook around and you say you can't move the king and rook. Can someone help explain this. Talk to me like I'm five. Lol.

  4. I only understood how does pawns , king , queen etc move but I didn't understand when do we say check and checkmate. Tq for the video

  5. Thanks for the video.  I've played chess a few times without knowing how to Castle or about the rules for the En Passant, I never knew such captures were possible with a Pawn.  I've been in situations like that where I could've captured someone pawn like that or them mine and didn't know we could do that.

  6. its sooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo yousfull

  7. I was having dinner with a chess champion the other night at a Italian restaurant, the table that had a checkered tablecloth and
    it took him 2 hours to pass me the salt 😏

  8. And the rook is 5 points but on Monday only 4 points….it is so sad how many so called chess teachers do not understand chess, neither teaching. The value of a peace is depending on how it works together with the other pieces, where it stands and who are playing.

    This way of teaching is so incredible bad BAD!!!!! because the students are constantly counting …Oh, I can catch his queen…now I got already 65,5 points! …yes, but you're checkmate.

    In the beginning it might help a bit, but it destroys completely the understanding of what chess is.
    So please stop with this idiot system, learn how you can teach chess or do something else.
    I myself had a great teacher, Max Euwe, former world champion, he was my teacher when I became chess instructor. I'm not a master or so…but a real good teacher…

  9. I asked my friend where do u live, and he said "10m that way" so I looked it u 4 fun and this was the 1st vid Google showed me

  10. Thank you. I learned the basic in 7 minutes and 23 second. I’ve never played before and won my first game. Thanks for the tutorial

  11. i thought you can also castle to your left side? also how many points is the king worth,i know its the whole game but does he have a point worth? also why did you not talk about how the board must be setup so that each opponent must have a white square on there right side? i forgot the rule about en passant so thx for that but you failed to explain about the pawns reaching the end squares that they can be replaced by only pieces that have been already captured but i guess that is obvious but can this new piece move right away or is it the opponents turn?

  12. It's funny. I never visit YouTube and see campaign ads for President Trump. This is what election interference looks like. If you don't follow what I'm saying here, it's because you are as ignorant as THEY think you are stupid. Not hard to understand. I know it. Google knows it. Facebook knows it. Twitter knows it. Pete knows it. THEY all know it…and you will still flip on CNN and scream about 'impeachment', and you understand none of this.

  13. 8:01

    There’s a logical and true reason for En Passant.

    Early early early days of Chess players could only move one square forward.

    They would often move same Pawn.

    To speed up play they allowed two squares on first move, but preserved the option of an enemy taking that pawn if confronted by another pawn.

    It’s also described as foot soldiers in the field. An enemy is right there ready to battle but you decide to rush past him.

    That enemy foot soldier can decide to let you pass, or cut you down.

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